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专家信息 研究领域及学术成就 论文专著

专家信息:

沈 超,男,1965年出生。1987年于浙江大学物理系获物理专业理学学士学位,1992年于北京师范大学物理系获理论天体物理专业理学硕士学位, 1997年于中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心获空间物理专业理学博士学位。1997年至今于中科院空间中心从事空间物理方面研究工作,1997年11月特批为副研究员; 1999年10月任中科院空间中心空间天气开放研究实验室研究员,并进入中科院知识创新工程。先后获得1997年中科院院长奖学金优秀奖,1998年度赵九章优秀中青年科学工作奖,1998年度傅承义基金优秀青年奖, 2005年欧空局CLUSTER计划突出贡献奖。2002年度国家杰出青年基金获得者,国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目 “太阳剧烈活动与空间灾害天气”子课题负责人,国家重大工程项目双星地球空间探测计划科学运行中心负责人、中欧科学协调人,ESA CLUSTER 计划磁场测量仪Co-I,中国科学院博士生导师、特聘教授。

研究领域及学术成就:

主要开展了磁层亚暴和磁暴触发机制、亚暴和磁暴的物理关系、磁层亚暴和磁暴的理论预报模式、中性原子成像的理论与模拟研究、内磁层动力学、磁层磁场重联的理论和模拟研究、空间等离子体微观不稳定性与反常输运性质等方面的研究工作,取得了一些具有重要理论意义、应用价值并具有国际先进水平的研究成果,在国内外重要刊物上发表学术论文60余篇,其中SCI收录近40篇。

首次成功运用磁层全球等效电路方法对磁暴和亚暴活动进行定量预报。预报方法先进,是我国空间天气磁暴、亚暴定量预报领域的一个重要进展。

首次运用物理分析方法导出磁层亚暴活动指数与磁暴活动指数的解析关系式,揭示了磁层亚暴与磁暴之间存在的内在物理关系。研究结果引起国际同行的广泛关注和积极评价。

提出了磁力线曲率分析,磁压力梯度分析, 磁场矢量旋转分析,磁场最小变化分析等几种原创性的多点卫星磁场探测数据分析新方法,并已编制了完备的工具软件。对电流片、磁绳、磁层顶边界层等关键磁场结构的位形和动态变化的分析结果已发表在JGR 、GRL 等国际核心刊物上。通过对Cluster磁场观测数据的分析研究,发现磁尾电流片具有三种基本类型:标准电流片,扁型电流片,倾斜电流片;并指出三类电流片在磁尾动力学演化过程中的作用.

首次在国内进行地球近地空间等离子体环境可视化探测—中性原子成像的理论和模拟研究工作, 建立了暴时环电流离子分布理论模式,发现暴时中性原子成像的基本特征和规律。此项成果对双星计划中性原子成像仪的研制发挥了关键性的作用,为我国中性原子探测工作的开展提供了可靠的理论基础。

发展了可压缩涡旋诱发磁场重联理论,系统地研究了可压缩涡旋诱发重联的线性和非线性特性,解决了不可压缩理论模式与磁层观测结果的矛盾,证实涡旋诱发重联涡旋诱发重联是K-H不稳定性与电阻不稳定性的相互耦合过程,是磁层顶边界层磁场重联的重要形式。国际磁场重联领域的著名学者Sunnerrup教授指出这是一种新的磁场重联机制。

创建了中国双星地球空间探测计划科学运行中心。在2002—2003的两年期间,主持建立中国双星地球空间探测计划科学运行中心的硬件设施、网络系统及程序软件系统。经历两年多的在轨运行,显示科学运行软件系统易于操作,能适应于各种正常以及非正常变化的情况,硬件系统、网络系统非常可靠,出色地完成双星的科学运行任务, 获取了磁层亚暴、磁暴等动力学过程的大量探测数据(约200GB),并取得了一些重要数据分析研究成果。

论文专著:

1. Dunlop, M W, Q.-H. Zhang, C.-J. Xiao, J.-S. He, Z. Pu, R. C. Fear, C. Shen, and C. P. Escoubet, Reconnection at High Latitudes: Antiparallel Merging, Physical Review Lett., 102, 075005, 2009.

2. Yan, G. Q., Z. X. Liu, C. Shen, M. Dunlop, E. Luseck, H. Rème, and Y. V. Bogdanova, Solar wind entry via flux tube into magnetosphere observed by Cluster measurements at dayside magnetopause during southward IMF, Sci. in China, in press, 2009.

3. Shen, C. and Dunlop, M.W., Geometric structure analysis of the magnetic field, in Multi-Spacecraft Analysis Methods Revisited, edited by G. Paschmann and P.W. Daly, ISSI Science Report, SR-008, chap. 3, pp27-32, Kluwer Academic Pub., 2008.

4. Shen, C., Z. Liu, X. Li, M. W. Dunlop, E. A. Lucek, Z. Rong, Z. Chen, C. P. Escoubet, H. V. Malova, A. T. Y. Lui, A. N. Fazakerley, A. P. Walsh, and C. Mouikis (2008), Flattened Current Sheet and its Evolution in Substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S21,doi:10.1029/2007JA012812.

5. C. Shen, Z. J. Rong, X. Li, Z. X. Liu, M. Dunlop, E. Lucek, H.V. Malova, Magnetic Configurations of Tail Tilted Current Sheets, Ann. Geophys., 26, 3525–3543, 2008.

6. C. Shen, Z. X. Liu, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr, H. Rème, A. Fazakerley, H. Laakso, Q. Q. Shi, I. Dandouras, T. L. Zhang, S. J. Wang, X. C. Yang, M. Dunlop, J. B. Cao, Surveys on Magnetospheric Plasmas Based by DSP exploration, Sci. in China, 51, 1639-1647, 2008.

7. Yan, G. Q., C. Shen, Z. X. Liu, H. Rème, M. Dunlop, E. Lucek, C. M. Carr, and T. L. Zhang, Solar wind transport into magnetosphere caused by magnetic reconnection at high latitude magnetopause during northward IMF: Cluster-DSP conjunction observations, Sci. in China, 51, 1677-1684, 2008.

8. M. W. Dunlop, M. G. G. T. Taylor, Y. V. Bogdanova, C. Shen, F. Pitout, Z. Pu, J. A. Davies, Q. -H. Zhang, J. Wang, B. Lavraud, A. N. Fazakerley, C. J. Owen, H. Laakso, Q. -G. Zong, Z.-X. Liu, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr and H. Rème, Electron structure of the magnetopause boundary layer: Cluster/Double Star observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S19, doi:10.1029/2007JA012788, 2008.

9. He Zhaohai, Liu Zhenxing, Shen Chao, Duan Suping, Zhang Yongcun, G.D.Reeves. Identify the radial distance of plasma dispersionless injection boundary from injection source,Chinese Physics Letters, 25(2), 783-786, 2008.

10. He Zhaohai, Liu Zhenxing, Shen Chao, Duan Suping, Liu Xiao, Zhang Yongcun, Yao Li, Zong Qiugang, H. Reme, G. Gustafsson, Characters of the magnetotail plasma injection surveyed from Cluster observation, Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 51(2), 307~315, 2008.

11. Zhang Yongcun, Liu Zhenxing, Shen Chao et al.: Double Star TC-1 observation of the earthward flowing plasmoids in the near magnetotail, Cinese. Sci. Bull., 52(13), 1843-1848, 2007.

12. Y. C. Zhang, Z. X. Liu, C. Shen, A. Fazakerley, M. Dunlop, H. Reme, E. Lucek, A. P. Walsh, and L. Yao. The magnetic structure of an earthward-moving flux rope observed by Cluster in the near-tail, Ann. Geophys., 25, 1471-1476, 2007.

13. Shen, C., X. Li, M. Dunlop, Q. Q. Shi, Z. X. Liu, E. Lucek, and Z. Q. Chen (2007), Magnetic field rotation analysis and the applications, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06211, doi:10.1029/2005JA011584.

14. Shen, C., M. Dunlop, X. Li, Z. X. Liu, A. Balogh, T. L. Zhang, C. M. Carr, Q. Q. Shi, and Z. Q. Chen (2007), New approach for determining the normal of the bow shock based on Cluster four-point magnetic field measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A03201, doi:10.1029/2006JA011699.

15. Wang J., M. W. Dunlop, Z.Y. Pu, X. Z. Zhou, X. G. Zhang, Y. Wei, S. Y. Fu, C. J. Xiao, A. Fazakerley, H. Laakso, M. G. G. T. Taylor, Y. Bogdanova, F. Pitout, J. Davies, Q. G. Zong, C. Shen, Z. X. Liu, C. Carr, C. Perry, H. Re`me, I. Dandouras, P. Escoubet, and C. J. Owen (2007), TC1 and Cluster observation of an FTE on 4 January 2005: A close conjunction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L03106, doi:10.1029/2006GL028241.

16. Pu Z. Y., X. G. Zhang, X. G. Wang, J. Wang, X.-Z. Zhou, M. W. Dunlop, L. Xie, C. J. Xiao, Q. G. Zong, S. Y. Fu, Z. X. Liu, C. Carr, Z. W. Ma, C. Shen, E. Lucek, H. Re`me, and P. Escoubet (2007), Global view of dayside magnetic reconnection with the dusk-dawn IMF orientation: A statistical study for Double Star and Cluster data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L20101, doi:10.1029/2007GL030336.

17. Q. Q. Shi, C. Shen, Z. Y. Pu, M. W. Dunlop, Q.-G. Zong, Z. X. Liu, A.Balogh, Motion of observed structures calculated from multi-point magnetic field measurements: Application to Cluster, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L08109, doi:10.1029/2005GL025073, 2006.

18. M. W. Dunlop, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. A. Davies, C. J. Owen, F. Pitout, A. N. Fazakerley, Z. Pu, H. Laakso, Y. V. Bogdanova, Q.-G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S. E. Milan, T. D. Phan, H. Rème, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr, P. Cargill, M. Lockwood, B. Sonnerup, Coordinated Cluster/Double Star observations of dayside reconnection signatures, Annales Geophysicae (2005) 23: 2867 – 2875.

19. Chao Shen and Zhenxing Liu, Double Star Project Master Science Operations Plan, Ann. Geophysicae, 23, 2851-2859, 2005.

20. Liu, Z. X., C. P. Escoubet, Z. Pu, H. Laakso, J. Q. Shi, C. Shen, M. Hapgood, The Double Star Mission, Ann. Geophysicae, 23, 2707-2712, 2005.

21. Lu Li, Susan McKenna-Lawlor, Stas Barabash, Liu Zhenxing, Jan Balaz, Klas Brinkfeldt , Igor Strhansky, Shen Chao, Shi Jiankui, Cao Jinbin, Fu Suiyan, Herbert Gunell, Karel Kudela, Edmond C. Roelof , Pontos C;son Brandt, IIannis Dandouras, Zhang Tielong, and Chris Carr,Electron pitch angle variations recorded at high magnetic latitudes by the NUADU instrument on the TC-2 spacecraft, Ann. Geophy. 23, 2953-2959, 2005

22. X. Li, D. N. Baker, M. Temerin, G. D. Reeves, R. Friedel, and C. Shen, Energetic electrons, 50 keV -- 6 MeV, at geosynchronous orbit: their responses to solar wind variations , Space Weather , 3, S04001, doi:10.1029/2004SW000105, 2005.

23. Shi, Q. Q., C. Shen, Z. Y. Pu, M. W. Dunlop, Q.-G. Zong, H. Zhang, C. J. Xiao, Z. X. Liu, and A. Balogh, Dimensional analysis of observed structures using multipoint magnetic field measurements: Application to Cluster, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L12105, doi:10.1029/2005GL022454, 2005.

24. G. Q. Yan, C. Shen, Z. X. Liu, C. M. Carr, H. Rème, and T. L. Zhang, Statistical Study on Solar Wind Transport into Magnetosphere Based on DSP Explorations, Ann. Geophysicae, 23, 2961-2966, 2005.

25. Susan McKenna-Lawlor, Jan Balaz,, Stas Barabash,, Klas Johnsson, Lu Li, Chao Shen, Jiankui Shi, Qingang Zong, Karel Kudela, Suiyan Fu, Edmond C. Roelof, Pontus C:son Brandt, and Iannis Dandouras: The energetic NeUtral Atom Detector Unit (NUADU) for China’s Double Star Mission and its calibration, Nuclear Inst. & Methods, A(503) 311-322, 2004.

26. Susan McKenna-Lawlor, Jan Balaz,, Stas Barabash,, Klas Johnsson, Lu Li, Chao Shen, Jiankui Shi, Qingang Zong, Karel Kudela, Suiyan Fu, Edmond C. Roelof, Pontus C:son Brandt, and Iannis Dandouras: An overview of the scientific objectives and technical configuration of the NeUtral Atom Detector Unit NUADU for the Chinese Double Star Mission, Planet..& Space Sci., in press, 2004.

27. Shen, C., X. Li, M. Dunlop, Z. X. Liu, A. Balogh, D. N. Baker, M. Hapgood, and Xinyue Wang, Analyses on the geometrical structure of magnetic field in the current sheet based on Cluster measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (A5), doi: 10.1029/2002JA009612, 2003.

28. Shen, C., Z. X. Liu, T. Kamei, A Physics Based Study of the Dst-AL Relationship, J. Geophys. Res., 107(A1), doi: 10.1029/2001JA900121, 2002.

29. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, Properties of the Neutral Energetic Atoms Emitted from Earth’s Ring Current Region, Phys. Plasmas, 9(9),3984-3994, 2002.

30. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, T. S. Huang, Shocks associated with Kelvin-Helmholtz-Resistive Instability, Phys. Plasmas, 7(7),2842-2848, 2000.

31. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, The coupling mode between Kelvin-Helmholtz and resistive instabilities in compressible plasmas, Phys. Plasmas, 6(7), 2883-2886, 1999.

32. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, Magnetic reconnection processes in periodic current sheet systems with strong flow shear, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 40(1), 1-7, 1998.

33. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, The tearing mode with strong shear flow and in the viscosity-dominated limit, Phys. Plasmas, 3(12), 4301—4303,1996.

34. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, Properties of the tearing modes in periodic current sheets, Phys. Plasmas, 5(6), 2466-2468, 1998.

35. Shen Chao, Liu Zhenxing, Zhang Hong, Properties of the Resistive Instability in Double Current Sheet Systems with Strong Shear Flows, Phys. Letter A, 249,87-92, 1998.

36. Shen Chao,Liu Zenxing.Analytical investigation on the vortex induced reconnection in single and multiple current systems. Acta Geophysica Sinica, 41(1),1998.

37. Zhao Zheng, Meng Xiaodong, Shen Chao.Thermodynamicl properties of stationary, axially symmetric non-Kerr black holes. Science in China A, 36(9), 1103—1113, 1993.

38. Zhang Hong, Shen Chao,Liu Zenxing, Ma Zhenguo, The effect of the K-H instability on the magnetic reconnection in multiple current sheet systems. Acta Geophysica Sinica, 40(3) , 309-315, 1997.

39. Liu Zhenxing, Pu Zuying, Shen Chao,Critical problems fronted in the field of magnetospheric substorms and future research directions. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 13(2), 186-191, 1998.

40. 何兆海,刘振兴,沈超,段素平,刘晓,张永存,姚丽,宗秋刚,H. Reme,G.Gustafsson。Cluster探测到磁尾等离子体注入的特征,地球物理学报,第51卷,第二期,15-23,2008.

41. 张永存, 刘振兴,沈超 等:行星际磁场与磁尾磁通量绳形成的关系,空间科学学报 ,28(2),97-101,2008

42. 张永存, 刘振兴, 沈超 等, TC-1 对近地磁尾地向等离子体团(plasmoid)的观测, 科学通报, 52,1064-1068, 2007.

43. 王馨悦,刘振兴,沈 超,磁暴主相期间环电流分布特性模拟研究, 物理学报,56,7346-7354,2007.SVHE

44. 王馨悦,刘振兴,沈 超,路立,代数重建法反演环电流分布的初步结果, 空间科学学报, 27,104-109,2007.

45.曲少杰, 沈超, 刘振兴, 田葆宁, 关于磁层中磁力线几何结构的研究, 空间科学学报,26(6),427-431,2006.

46.王馨悦, 沈 超, 刘振兴, 环电流区能量离子分布特性研究, 空间科学学报, 26,14-20,2006.

47. 沈超,刘振兴,环电流区中性原子观测特性模拟研究, 地球物理学报, 46,1-10, 2003.

48. 沈超,刘振兴,外辐射带动态演化的三维粒子模拟研究,空间科学学报,21, 230-237,2001.

49. 沈超,刘振兴,行星际磁场南转北向对磁层亚暴的触发效应,中国科学A, 30(增刊), 69-72, 2000.

50. 沈超,刘振兴,磁暴和亚暴的理论预报模式, 中国基础科学,5, 8-13, 2000.

51. 沈超,刘振兴,曹晋滨,张效信,汪学毅,磁尾等离子体片高速流对亚暴的影响,空间科学学报,20(3), 216-223,2000.

52. 沈超,刘振兴, 等离子体反常输运性质的量纲分析,数学物理学报,19(2), 206-210, 1999.

53. 沈超,刘振兴, 涡漩诱发重联模型的解析研究,地球物理学报, 41(1),9-17,1998.

54. 沈超,刘振兴, 周期性多电流片系统中的涡漩诱发重联过程,空间科学学报, 18(1),16-23,1998.

55. 张洪,沈超,刘振兴,马振国, K-H不稳定性在多电流片系统磁场重联中的效应,地球物理学报,40(4),445—452, 1997.

56. 刘振兴,濮祖荫,沈超, 磁层亚暴面临的难解及研究方向,中国科学院院刊,13(2),109-112,1998.

57. 刘振兴,濮祖荫,沈超, 磁层亚暴和磁暴的整体过程,二十一世纪100个难题,吉林出版社,P221-229, 1998.

58. 沈超,刘辽,有挠引力量子化初探,北京师范大学学报,30(3),331—338,1994.

59. 赵峥,孟晓东,沈超,稳态轴对称非Kerr黑洞的热力学性质,中国科学A,23(7),750—758, 1993.

60. 赵峥,沈超,静态黑洞辐射与时空在Tortoise坐标下的共形平直形式,北京师范大学学报,29(2),194—196,1993。

61. 沈超,刘振兴,庄洪春,张洪,日地空间环境对人类攻击性情绪的影响,灾害学,11(4),79—83,1996.

62. 沈超,刘振兴,日地空间环境活动性与攻击性历史事件的统计分析,福建天文,2(3-4),178—184,1996.

63. 马振国,刘振兴,沈超,张洪, 空间太阳能工程及其发展战略,大自然探索,16(61),12—16,1997.

64. 赵峥,孟晓东,沈超,稳态黑洞的热性质,北京师范大学学报,28(1),29—30,1992。

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